Tuesday, February 7, 2012
The Nobel Prize
The Noble Prize was bequeathed by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. The prize was established in 1895. The Nobel Peace Prize is frequently described as the most prestigious prize among the Nobel Prizes, and indeed, as "the world's most prestigious prize". The recipient of a Noble Prize is selected by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, a 5-member committee appointed by the Parliament of Norway. Alfred stated this is how it should be done in his will. Along with the Noble Peace Prize there are four other categories Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The other four categories are awarded in Stockholm Sweden by The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, and the Swedish Academy. the Noble Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo City Hall in Oslo, Norway by the Norwegian Noble Institute. Since 1901 92 Noble Peace Prizes have been awarded. It has not been awarded on 19 occasions. 62 Peace Prizes have been given to one Laureate only, 28 Peace Prizes have been shared by two Laureates, and 2 Peace Prizes has been shared between three persons. (http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/shortfacts.html) The prizes winners receive a medal, personal diploma, and a cash award. The money comes from the Noble estate. As stated in Noble's will, one part [the peace prize] was dedicated to "the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses".
This was my favorite quote from The Revolution of Spirit, "It is on their behalf that I thank you, from the heart, for this supreme honour. the Burmese people can today hold their heads a little higher in the knowledge that in this distant land their suffering has been heard and heeded." I liked this quote best because it shows the world and the people of Burma that we do care. We care about their plight and want to help them with their problems. It shows that the rest of the world is not turning a blind eye to the countries in trouble. Just the fact that the world knew Aung San Suu Kyi's story is enough to show the countries going through a revolution we do care. We want to help bring democracy to these people. We respect that fact that you are doing this in a non violent way.
Aung San Suu Kyi did a lot with her non violent movement. Her party won the elections but the results were voided by the military state. She spent 16 years under house arrest and didn't want to be released even to see her dying husband. She was very focused on her movement and the cause. I respect her so much for what she did. Her son wrote a very moving speech as well.